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How to Prevent Hospital Readmission with COPD Patients – Submit Your Homeworks

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How to Prevent Hospital Readmission with COPD Patients
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How to Prevent Hospital Readmission with COPD Patients
Introduction
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable lung disease characterized by persistent airflow limitation. COPD is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide (Toth et al., 2018). The purpose of this paper is to review the current literature on preventing hospital readmissions for COPD patients. To do this, a variety of peer-reviewed articles will be consulted. The focus will be on identifying effective interventions that can be used to reduce the rate of readmissions. Additionally, this paper will explore the potential reasons COPD patients are at a higher risk for readmission, such as inadequate discharge planning. By understanding the literature on this topic, it will be possible to make recommendations for future research and for ways to improve clinical practice.
Project proposal
My topic is how to prevent hospital readmission for COPD patients. COPD is a chronic and progressive lung disease characterized by difficulty breathing. It is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and the number of people affected by COPD is expected to continue to rise in the coming years (Benjenk et al., 2018). Hospital admissions for COPD are common, and patients with COPD are at a higher risk for readmission than those without the condition. Reducing hospital readmissions is important as it can improve patient outcomes and save healthcare costs.
Methods of Searching
Various methods were used to search for peer-reviewed articles on preventing hospital readmissions for COPD patients. First, multiple databases were searched, including PubMed, CINAHL, and ProQuest. Second, keywords were utilized in order to find relevant articles, including “COPD”, “hospital readmissions”, “prevention”, “interventions”, and “self-management”. Third, the reference lists of relevant articles were reviewed to find additional sources. Google Scholar, which played a significant role in finding the most relevant research sources, was searched to find grey literature on the topic. A total of five peer-reviewed articles were found that met the inclusion criteria.
Review of the Literature
The article done by Liang et al. (2021) discusses the characteristics and time course of exacerbations of COPD. The authors used data from two large studies, the ECLS and the ECRHS, to identify patterns in COPD exacerbations. They found that most exacerbations were triggered by viral infections and typically lasted 7-10 days. They also found that patients with more severe COPD were more likely to have exacerbations requiring hospitalization. This article provides valuable insights into COPD exacerbations’ nature and potential triggers. It also highlights the importance of preventing exacerbations to reduce hospital readmissions.
Allegrante et al. (2019) in their article discuss the development of an evidence-based guideline for self-management education in outpatient chronic disease populations. The authors systematically reviewed the literature to identify effective interventions for various chronic diseases. They found that self-management education was an effective intervention for reducing hospital admissions and improving patient outcomes. Additionally, they found that this intervention was most effective when it was tailored to the individual patient’s needs. This article provides valuable insights into the potential benefits of self-management education for COPD patients. Additionally, it highlights the importance of tailoring this intervention to the needs of individual patients to maximize its effectiveness.
Benjenk et al. (2018) in their article discuss interventions to reduce hospital readmissions. The authors systematically reviewed the literature to identify effective interventions for reducing readmissions. They found that home visits from nurses or other health professionals after discharge were an effective intervention for reducing readmissions. Additionally, they found that providing patients with written discharge instructions and a list of resources effectively reduced readmissions. This article provides valuable insights into effective interventions for preventing hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Additionally, it highlights the importance of providing patients with discharge instructions and follow-up care after they leave the hospital.
The article by Toth et al. (2018) discusses the impact of post-discharge follow-up care on 30-day all-cause rehospitalization rates among Medicare beneficiaries. The authors used data from the Medicare Beneficiary Survey to assess the impact of post-discharge follow-up care on readmission rates. They found that post-discharge follow-up care was associated with a reduction in 30-day all-cause rehospitalization rates. This article provides valuable insights into the potential benefits of post-discharge follow-up care for reducing hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Additionally, it highlights the importance of providing this type of care to improve patient outcomes.
The article by Lee et al. (2019) discuss factors associated with exacerbations of COPD. The authors used data from the National Emphysema Treatment Trial to identify factors associated with an increased risk of exacerbations. They found that smoking, comorbidities, and lower airflow obstruction were all associated with an increased risk of exacerbations. This article provides valuable insights into the factors associated with an increased risk of hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Additionally, it highlights the importance of identifying these risk factors to develop interventions that can prevent exacerbations and reduce hospital readmissions.
Findings
COPD is a preventable and chronic lung disease characterized by airflow obstruction from the lungs. It is caused by long-term exposure to harmful particles such as tobacco smoke. COPD can lead to hospitalization due to exacerbations, which are sudden worsening of symptoms. Patients with COPD are at risk for frequent hospitalizations, and 30% of COPD patients are readmitted to the hospital within one year of their initial discharge (Toth et al., 2018). There are many potential contributing factors to hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Examples include inadequate discharge planning, lack of access to medications and transportation, and patients’ lack of understanding of their disease and how to manage it. Improving communication between patients and providers, ensuring that patients have access to needed resources, and providing adequate self-management education can help reduce hospital readmissions for COPD patients.
Adequate discharge planning is essential to preventing hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Lee et al. (2019) established that patients receiving comprehensive discharge planning were less likely to be readmitted to the hospital than those not receiving discharge planning. The comprehensive discharge planning intervention included providing patients with information about their disease, medication instruction, follow-up appointments, and referrals to community resources. Patients who received this intervention significantly decreased 30-day hospital readmission rates.
Lack of medication access is another potential contributor to hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Toth et al. (2018) reveal that patients with COPD who had difficulty accessing their medications were more likely to be readmitted to the hospital than those who did not have difficulty accessing their medications. The study showed that interventions to improve access to medications, such as providing transportation assistance and home visits, can reduce hospital readmissions for COPD patients.
Patients’ lack of understanding of their disease and how to manage it is another potential contributor to hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Allegrante et al. (2019) found that patients who did not receive education about their disease were more likely to be readmitted to the hospital than those who did receive education about their disease. The study showed that interventions to improve patient education, such as providing printed materials and videos about COPD, can reduce hospital readmissions for COPD patients.
Improving communication between patients and providers can also help to reduce hospital readmissions for COPD patients. Liang et al. (2021) found that patients who had regular follow-up visits with their providers were less likely to be readmitted to the hospital than those who did not have regular follow-up visits. The study showed that interventions to improve communication between patients and providers, such as scheduled phone calls and follow-up visits, can reduce hospital readmissions for COPD patients.
Conclusion
In conclusion, COPD patients are at a higher risk for hospital readmission than those without the condition. This is due to various factors, including comorbidities, difficulty complying with treatment regimens, lack of social support, and poor discharge planning. Many potential interventions can be used to prevent hospital readmissions for COPD patients. One approach is to provide follow-up care after discharge. It can involve home visits from nurses or other health professionals, phone call check-ins, or community resources like pulmonary rehabilitation classes. Another approach is to educate patients and their caregivers on self-management strategies. It can include teaching them how to use inhalers correctly, identifying early signs of exacerbations, and what to do in the event of an exacerbation. Additionally, it is important to provide patients with written discharge instructions and a list of resources they can use if they have any questions or problems after leaving the hospital.
References
Allegrante, J. P., Wells, M. T., & Peterson, J. C. (2019). Interventions to support behavioral self-management of chronic diseases. Annual review of public health, 40, 127. https://doi.org/10.1146%2Fannurev-publhealth-040218-044008Benjenk, I., & Chen, J. (2018). Effective mental health interventions to reduce hospital readmission rates: a systematic review. Journal of hospital management and health policy, 2. https://doi.org/10.21037%2Fjhmhp.2018.08.05Lee, J., Jung, H. M., Kim, S. K., Yoo, K. H., Jung, K. S., Lee, S. H., & Rhee, C. K. (2019). Factors associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation, based on big data analysis. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43167-wLiang, C., Mao, X., Niu, H., Huang, K., Dong, F., Chen, Y., … & Wang, C. (2021). Characteristics, management and in-hospital clinical outcomes among inpatients with acute exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in China: results from the phase I data of ACURE study. International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 16, 451. https://doi.org/10.2147%2FCOPD.S281957Toth, M., Holmes, M., Toles, M., Van Houtven, C., Weinberger, M., & Silberman, P. (2018). Impact of Postdischarge Follow-Up Care on Medicare Expenditures: Does Rural Make a Difference? Medical Care Research and Review, 75(3), 327-353. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077558716687499